Ankle Equinus

Normal range of motion in the ankle is measured in the supine position (on your back) with knees extended. Force is applied to the forefoot, aimed at moving the toes and forefoot toward the knee. This motion at the ankle is called dorsiflexion. To measure the amount of dorsiflexion an imaginary line is drawn down the lateral or outer side of the leg and foot. Range of motion is considered normal when the patient is able to reach a 90 degree angle plus an additional 10 degrees. Any measurement shy of 90 degrees is considered to be equinus. Remember, anMeasuring equinus accurate measurement of equinus requires the correct positioning of several joints and some degree of biomechanics training.

Nail Fungus 101

Conditions that can be mistaken of Nail fungus
1. Lines and ridges:They may worsen during pregnancy. A large groove down the center of the nail can be caused by nail biting.
2. Senile nails: As you age, the nails become brittle, develop ridges and separation of the nail layers at the end of the nail. Try to avoid cleaning solutions, and don't soak the nails in water.
3. Whitish or yellowish nails due to onycholysis. This means separation of the nail from the nail bed. The color you see is air beneath the nail. 

Replace Your Shoes Before Injury


A good rule of thumb is to replace your running shoes every 300 to 400 miles, depending on your running style, body weight, and the surface on which you run. Smaller runners can get new running shoes at the upper end of the recommendation, while heavier runners should consider replacement shoes closer to the 300 mile mark. If you run on rough roads, you'll need to replace your running shoes sooner than if you primarily run on a treadmill.

Top 10 Foot Problems

Top 10 Foot Problems
 

10. ACHILLES TENDONITIS

Achilles tendonitis may occur in athletes who over train or don't do warm-up exercises as well as in individuals who may have had a sprain or strain while working or just going for a walk. As a result of this condition one may experience an irritation and inflammation of the tendon that attaches to the back of the heel bone. Initially it can be treated with ice, rest, aspirin and anti-inflammatory medication. When the pain becomes chronic it should be professionally evaluated.

External Fixation

What is External Fixation?

Weâre all acquainted with the non-surgical approaches that help a broken bone heal: the doctor applies a cast, brace or splint around a fracture or a corrected bone deformity to provide support during the healing process. In some cases, however, particularly more severe injuries, todayâs best orthopaedic treatment includes securing the fracture externally with a device called a fixator that is connected to the affected bone with special bone screws, often referred to as pins. The device remains outside the body (external) and the pins pass through the skin and muscle to secure the bone in proper alignment.