4. Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the long band of connective tissue running from the heel to the ball of the foot that causes heel pain. A related condition, heel spur syndrome is a boney overgrowth on the heel bone. Plantar fasciitis and heel spur syndrome affect women more than men.

In addition to heel pain, you might also experience pain on the bottom of the foot and in the arch. Causes of plantar fasciitis include stretching the long band of tissue that connects the heel and the ball of the foot, muscle imbalance, bone deformity, obesity, trauma, and tightness of the muscles on the back of the leg.

3. Neuromas

A neuroma is a painful condition often referred to as a pinched nerve, swollen nerve, or nerve tumor. It is defined more specifically as a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes. This may result in pain, burning, tingling, or numbness between the toes and in the ball of the foot. Improper or ill-fitting shoes, trauma, high-heeled shoes, and heredity can all be contributing factors when you have a neuroma.

2. Corns or Calluses

A callus or corn is a build-up of skin that forms at points of pressure or over boney prominences. Calluses form on the bottom side of the foot, and corns form on the top of the foot and between the toes. Corns and calluses can be caused by repeated friction and pressure from skin rubbing against boney areas or against an irregularity in a shoe, as well as hereditary disorders.

1. Bunions

The number-one foot problem we see in our office are bunions. A bunion is an enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by misalignment of the joint. It may be swollen, tender, and painful when wearing shoes. Bunions are caused by heredity, biomechanical abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders, inflammatory joint disease (arthritis), trauma, and congenital deformities.

When you see a podiatrist for bunion treatment, he will perform a physical exam of the foot and an X-ray evaluation, and, based on how severe your bunion is, recommend padding and taping, prescribe orthotics, or perform surgery as indicated.

Eric Harmelin, DPM
Connect with me
Experienced Amputation Prevention Specialist and Podiatrist in Annapolis, Stevensville, and Glen Burnie, MD.